Ignatius Hwang has more than 20 years’ experience in energy, infrastructure and resources projects in Asia Pacific and the Middle East, particularly China, India, Southeast Asia and Australia. He advises governments and sponsors on strategic, procurement, legal, commercial and risk issues relating to public-private partnership projects (PPP) and on the development, acquisition, financing, construction and operation of energy, infrastructure and resources projects.

    His transactional experience, particularly acquisitions and project financing, includes deal structuring, due diligence, and drafting and negotiation of development, acquisition, fuel supply and power purchase agreements, engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contracts and operation and maintenance (O&M) contracts, as well as financing and security documentation. He has also been heavily involved in and has helped shaped development of the PPP projects market in Singapore.

    Ignatius has been consistently recognized in The Legal 500 EMEA and by Chambers Asia Pacific as a leading projects and energy lawyer, and is described recently in Chambers Asia Pacific as “an established player within the domestic projects market, and is best known for his PPP expertise” and “highly rated.” He has been recently recognized as an Elite Leading Individual in the Projects & Energy sector by The Legal 500 Asia Pacific Guide 2016 and 2017.

    Ignatius is fluent in Mandarin and English and also speaks Malay, Cantonese and Fujian.

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    Power Projects

    • Advising a US sponsor on a greenfield development of an ethanol-fired power project in Mississippi.
    • Advising the Korea Development Bank on a waste to energy power project in Sri Lanka.
    • Advising on the Islamic financing of a biomass power project in Malaysia.
    • Advising a sponsor on a greenfield development of barge power project in Nigeria.
    • Advising First Solar Inc. on a 2,000 MW solar power project in Inner Mongolia, China.
    • Advising Colben Power on refinancing power plants in Cambodia.
    • Advising on the development of captive tri-generation projects in Singapore.
    • Advising several of Malaysia’s leading independent power producers (IPPs) on bids for separate greenfield power projects in Indonesia.
    • Advising a Malaysia IPP on a proposed acquisition of a power plant in India.
    • Advising Malakoff Sdn Bhd in its bid for a greenfield 200 MW mine-mouth coal fired power project in Indonesia.
    • Advising Sime Power in its bid for a greenfield 200 MW mine-mouth coal fired power project in Indonesia.
    • Advising Genting Sdn Bhd in its bid to acquire NRG’s power assets in Asia and Australia including the successful acquisition of a 335 MW Kondapalli power plant in India.
    • Advising a US-Australia consortium on the AU$4.5 billion acquisition and financing of Loy Yang A, 2,000 MW lignite-fired power plant and coal mine, from the Victorian government in Australia.
    • Advising a US IPP on the acquisition of the National Power Supply Co., Ltd. 300 MW coal and biomass-fired co-generation plant in Thailand.
    • Advising a US IPP on the acquisition of a 30 MW diesel-fired power plant in the Philippines.
    • Advising a US IPP on the development and financing of a 250 MW lignite-fired Neyveli power project in Tamil Nadu, India.
    • Advising a US IPP on the acquisition of an interest in, and development and financing of, GVK Industries Ltd’s 235 MW gas-fired power plant in Andhra Pradesh, India.
    • Advising a US IPP on the acquisition of an interest in, and development and financing of, GMR Vasavi’s 200 MW gas-fired power plant in Tamil Nadu, India.
    • Advising a US IPP on the bid for a 400 MW coal-fired power plant in Liaoning, China.
    • Advising on the development of a 30 MW coal-fired plant in Ningpo, China.
    • Advising on the development of a 600 MW gas-fired power plant in Indonesia.
    • Advising a US-Singapore consortium on the bid for Tuas Power, a 1,200 MW oil-fired power plant in Singapore.
    • Advising a US IPP on the bid for Alcoa’s 250 MW “inside the fence” co-generation plants in Western Australia.

    Water and Water/Power Projects

    • Advising the Singapore Public Utilities Board on the Changi NEWater 2 PPP project involving the development, construction and operation of a NEWater wastewater treatment plant on the rooftop of an existing water reclamation facility.
    • Advising the Singapore Public Utilities Board on Singapore’s first and second DBOO wastewater treatment projects – the Ulu Pandan NEWater and Changi NEWater 1 projects.
    • Advising the Singapore Public Utilities Board on Singapore’s first and second DBOO Tuas 1 and Tuas 2 seawater desalination projects.
    • Advising the Singapore Public Utilities Board in the refinancing of the Tuas seawater desalination project.
    • Advising Veolia in the bid for Singapore’s first seawater desalination project.
    • Advising a consortium on the bid, development and financing of the Taweelah A2 project, a 750 MW and 50 MIGD power and desalination greenfield project in the United Arab Emirates.
    • Advising a consortium on the bid for the Shuweihat S1 project, a 1,500 MW and 100 MIGD power and desalination greenfield project in United Arab Emirates.
    • Advising a consortium on the bid for the Ras Laffan project, a 750 MW and 40 MIGD power and desalination greenfield project in Qatar.
    • Advising on the rehabilitation and expansion of a water treatment plant in Sabah, Malaysia.

    Oil and Gas Projects

    • Advising a Singapore-listed company in the acquisition of an oil storage terminal in Indonesia.
    • Advising on the RM 1.5 billion project financing of an oil storage terminal in Malaysia.
    • Advising on the divestment of an interest in a chemical storage terminal in Malaysia.
    • Advising a sponsor on the development and construction of several floating oil storage terminals in Indonesia.
    • Advising a contractor in connection with the construction of an oil storage terminal in Fujairah, United Arab Emirates.
    • Advising a borrower on financing for the construction of a petrochemical complex in Saudi Arabia.
    • Advising an Asia-based sponsor on the joint development of certain oil and gas blocks in Indonesia.
    • Advising on production-sharing agreements in relation to certain oil and gas blocks in Indonesia.
    • Advising a US IPP-led consortium on the Goldfields pipeline, a major gas pipeline project in Western Australia, including financing and gas supply and transportation agreements.
    • Advising on the development and construction of a natural gas pipeline in Sulawesi, Indonesia.
    • Advising a US sponsor on a bid for a major pipeline in Western Australia.
    • Advising a US sponsor on the development of a liquid natural gas (LNG) receiving terminal for a 1,500 MW power plant in Tamil Nadu, India.
    • Advising a Kuwaiti sponsor on the greenfield development of an aromatics plant in Singapore.
    • Advising Sembcorp on the sale of its Singapore gas network assets to Power Gas.
    • Advising on the development of a biofuels project in Singapore.

    Public-Private Partnerships

    • Advising Singapore Public Utilities Board on Singapore’s fifth desalination project, the Jurong Island Desalination Plan.
    • Advising the Singapore Public Utilities Board on the Marina East Desalination Plan project –, the world’s first dual seawater desalination and riverwater treatment facility.
    • Advising bidder on a waste to energy project, treatment and disposal of sludge waste from Singapore’s Public Utilities’ water reclamation facilities.
    • Advising the Singapore Public Utilities Board on the Changi NEWater 2 PPP project involving the development, construction and operation of a NEWater wastewater treatment plant on the rooftop of an existing water reclamation facility.
    • Advising the Singapore Public Utilities Board on Singapore’s first and second DBOO wastewater treatment projects – the Ulu Pandan NEWater and Changi NEWater 1 projects.
    • Advising the Singapore Public Utilities Board on Singapore’s first and second DBOO Tuas 1 and Tuas 2 seawater desalination projects.
    • Advising the Singapore Public Utilities Board in the refinancing of the Tuas seawater desalination project.
    • Advising Veolia in the bid for Singapore’s first seawater desalination project.
    • Advising the Myanmar government on the Myanmar-Thailand Framework Agreement governing the establishment and management of the Dawei Special Economic Zone in Myanmar.
    • Advising the Singapore Environment Ministry on the feasibility study of Singapore’s second incineration PPP project.
    • Advising the Singapore Defence Ministry on Singapore’s first two defense PPPs, which involved the supply and maintenance of training aircraft and pilot training over the concession period.
    • Advising the Singapore Defense Ministry on its third defense PPP project, which involved the design, construction, ownership, financing, maintenance and operation of a multi-use firing range and range training.
    • Advising a bidder in connection with the Singapore Changi Motorsports Hub project including the design, construction, ownership, financing, maintenance and operation of a multi-use racing track, motor-themed entertainment complex, retail and leisure facilities, racing academy, motor museum and warehousing facilities.
    • Advising a bidder on a US$1.5 billion Singapore sports and leisure infrastructure PPP project, which involved the development of a sports stadium, water sports facility, other sports and recreational facilities, and commercial and retail facilities.
    • Advising the Singapore Environment Ministry on Singapore’s first bottom-ash recycling PPP project.
    • Advising the Singapore Environment Ministry on Singapore’s first district level pneumatic refuse conveyance system PPP project.
    • Advising the Singapore Environment Ministry on Singapore’s first incineration PPP project.
    • Advising on the development of the Biopolis district cooling project in Singapore.
    • Advising Jurong Town Corporation on a cutting edge broadband network PPP project in One-North Park in Singapore.
    • Advising a bidder on the university student accommodation project in Singapore (aborted).

    Reforms and Privatizations

    • Advising Asian Development Bank on the solid waste management regime in Thailand, Philippines and Myanmar. Working with Municipals and local authorities to identify feasibility of SWM PPP/BOT projects including waste to energy projects.
    • Advising PWC, the advisers to the Pakistan government, in the restructuring and privatization of the Karachi Electric Supply Company.
    • Advising the principal adviser to the Singapore government in the restructuring of the Singapore electricity industry on the Singapore law aspects of the market rules for the wholesale electricity market.
    • Advising the Energy Market Authority of Singapore on establishing the market company responsible for the operation of the Singapore wholesale electricity market.
    • Advising Vietnam’s Power Authority (EVN) in the renegotiation of certain power purchase agreements.

    Education

    • National University of Singapore, LL.B., Honors, 1989

    Admissions

    • Singapore
    • England and Wales

    Languages

    • English
    • Mandarin
    • Cantonese
    • Malay
    • Fujian
    • Recommended in The Legal 500 Asia Pacific 2018 in Projects and energy - Foreign firms, Singapore
    • Recommended in The Legal 500 Asia Pacific 2017 in Projects - Foreign Firms, Singapore.
    • Recommended as an elite “Leading Lawyer” in The Legal 500 Asia Pacific 2017 for Projects Singapore - Foreign Firms.
    • Recommended in Chambers Global 2016 Edition for Projects in Singapore.
    • Recognized as Elite Leading Individual in the 2016 edition of The Legal 500 Asia Pacific.
    • Recognized as a Financial & Corporate Leading Lawyer by IFLR 1000.
    • Described recently in Chambers Asia Pacific as “an established player within the domestic projects market, best known for his PPP expertise” and “highly rated.” 
    • Recognized in The Legal 500 EMEA and by Chambers Asia Pacific as a leading projects and energy lawyer. 
    • Ranked in Chambers Asia Pacific 2014 as a Leading Individual.
    • Recommended in the 2014 edition of The Legal 500 Asia Pacific.
    • Recognized in Chambers Global 2015 as a leading international expert on Projects, Singapore.

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