George N. Grammas leads our International Trade Practice Group and focuses on global import and export compliance and national security. George spends 100% of his time representing clients in export controls, sanctions, anticorruption, the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) clearance and other US and global international trade regulatory, compliance and national security matters. He has an established record of successfully representing clients in enforcement matters and offering creative and practical trade compliance advice and solutions for companies operating in a wide range of countries, including in Europe, the Americas and the Asia Pacific region.
Over the past 28 years of practice in export controls and sanctions, George has served as an adviser to industry associations and the US government, including as an industry adviser to the State Department’s Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs through the Defense Trade Advisory Group; co-chair of the Joint Defense Trade Committee of the Electronic Industries Alliance and the Aerospace Industries Association; chair of the export controls committee for CANEUS International, a micro/nano technology association; international trade counsel to the Electronic Industries Alliance; and legal adviser to the Society for International Affairs, the government/industry association on defense trade and export controls.
George is highly regarded as one of the leading practitioners on aerospace, military, security and space export controls under the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). In addition, he has many years of experience in specialty chemicals and materials exports. With a background in computer programming, George began his career in electronics technologies and, through current day, he continues to focus on encryption, software, semiconductors, and electronic systems and subsystems exports. Further, over the past decade, George has spent considerable time in Europe; based in our London office, he has achieved an unparalleled understanding of the challenges, lessons-learned and best practices for non-US organizations seeking to comply with US export controls and sanctions regulations.
In today’s continually globalizing environment, companies must comply with the international trade requirements in the countries in which they operate. For numerous companies, George has navigated the labyrinth of varying regimes and requirements in export controls, sanctions, anticorruption and customs to achieve a seamless global compliance solution and to optimize trade flows and operations.
In addition, George has successfully handled hundreds of internal investigations and voluntary disclosures involving possible or suspected violations of export controls (ITAR, EAR), sanctions (OFAC, EU sanctions), anticorruption (FCPA, UK Bribery Act) and customs matters. His experience in handling enforcement actions informs the standards of compliance in global compliance programs that we help develop for clients.
Finally, George guides non-US companies through the regulatory barriers to enter or expand their operations in the US by clearing regulatory hurdles, including CFIUS, as well as notices and clearances from Departments of Defense and State. George was involved in some of the earliest CFIUS clearances in the 1990s under the Exon-Florio Amendment that established the current CFIUS process. His in-depth understanding of US national security industrial base and technology transfer policy guides companies in the decision-making process prior to filing and the optimal approach for clearing transactions.
George frequently speaks on the ITAR, EAR and other trade compliance matters in the US and Europe. He is also a co-author of the Squire Patton Boggs ITAR Practitioner’s Handbook and the firm’s handbook on navigating the CFIUS process, and a regular contributor to the Trade Practitioner Blog.
International Trade Compliance
Foreign Investment/Access to US Defense and Critical Infrastructure Industries and CFIUS