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Energy & Natural Resources

The energy and natural resources industry is ever-changing and shifts in any segment of the industry or in any geographic market send ripples throughout other segments, markets and industries. This pivotal, dynamic and complicated industry is often seen as the primary influence on world markets and global economic growth.

We have more than 150 lawyers dedicated to providing the top level of legal expertise, based on decades of our experience, to our clients who explore, develop, produce, market, transport and process energy and natural resources.

Why Choose Us

Industry Experience

Our Energy & Natural Resources Practice has long been recognized for our comprehensive and innovative approach to the energy industry. We build our legal teams on a multi-disciplinary basis to cover all the areas required to provide comprehensive and in-depth service to our energy and natural resource clients and their projects. We have provided counsel on many large scale energy initiatives over the last several decades, including the development of intercontinental pipelines, ground-breaking LNG facilities and state of the art renewable energy projects throughout the world. Our in-depth experience allows us to understand our clients’ challenges and to help them respond quickly, effectively and to keep the project on track.

Global Footprint

We are located where our clients are doing business. Our lawyers practice in the major energy and natural resource markets in the Americas, Asia Pacific, and EMEA. We provide our clients with legal and policy counsel regarding the local laws and regulations, as well as, offering a global perspective on the issues relevant to their particular geographic market and industry segment.

Project Development and Construction

We have the global resources, expertise and know-how to help clients address all of their construction, engineering, equipment procurement and project needs. We represent clients at every phase of a construction project. We advise owners, developers, operators, contractors and subcontractors, governments, venture capitalists, management consultants and architects – from initial contract negotiation to final details to post project disputes and tax matters. Our experience includes the development of greenfield projects from the concept or bidding stage; analyzing tender documents and assisting in the preparation of bids; negotiating consortium, teaming and joint development agreements; preparing detailed legal risk analyses for developers; and negotiating and preparing the full range of project documentation, including project engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contracts, operation and maintenance (O&M) contracts, capacity and services agreements, power purchase agreements transportation service agreements (TSAs) supply and offtake agreements.


We have extensive experience in energy regulation, route to market and trading arrangements, grid dynamics, planning, project siting, permitting, federal land use approvals, licensing, competition, antitrust and trade-related issues relating to energy projects. We are recognized leaders in precedent-setting cases before regulatory commissions involving oil pipeline rates, government enforcement agencies, and open access and bypass issues. We have experience in counseling on the establishment of electric and gas transmission rates, obtaining market-based rate authority, and reporting requirements and other administrative matters.

Public Policy

Our lawyers and public policy professionals have maintained a reputation for cutting-edge advocacy in the energy and environmental sectors by working closely with Congress and regulatory agencies in Washington DC, in state capitals and with governments around the globe. The firm maintains extensive and long-standing bipartisan relationships with numerous members of Congress, the leadership of both the House of Representatives and the Senate, as well as with the Executive Branch. Our Public Policy Practice provides strategic advice to clients regarding a broad range of energy and environmental policy matters and is intimately familiar with US landmark energy and environmental laws.

Environmental and Planning

Our Environmental, Safety & Health practice is one of the largest and best-regarded practices in the world. The practice excels in complex litigation, including defense of government and citizen suit enforcement actions, advancement and defense of cost recovery actions and defense of multi-party and toxic tort defense. The practice also has significant experience with rulemaking and policy development, including rule challenges, particularly with respect to air quality and climate change, and has helped to shape some of the issues of greatest significance to the energy industry. Our practice includes a robust compliance counseling component, which includes complex project siting, permitting and infrastructure development. The transactional component of our practice includes property acquisition, federal land leasing and land use approvals, site remediation, brownfields redevelopment, water rights and water resource management where we regularly act for utilities, developers and project sponsors.


Our lawyers have extensive experience in the area of energy and resources project finance and frequently work with major project sponsors, financial advisers, investment banks, commercial banks, export credit agencies and multilateral financial institutions. Many of our lawyers have also been internationally recognized for their expertise in this area, including attribution in Euromoney Legal Media Group’s Guide to the World’s Leading Project Finance Lawyers. Our work in energy project finance covers both equity and debt structures, as well as other sophisticated finance structures, such as leveraged leasing, tax effective and public finance.

Intellectual Property and Commercial

The international team advises on the full gambit of commercial contracts and IP and IT issues pertinent to the dynamics of the sector with an increasing focus on cleantech, EV vehicles and infrastructure and smart tech together with corporate and financing diligence support and TSAs and licensing arrangements.


We have a leading corporate practice advising on buy and sell side M&A mandates in the sector, private and public equity, IPOs, restructurings, complex joint ventures and consortia arrangements, co sec, governance and corporate support. As well as strong domestic practices we have extensive cross border multi-jurisdictional expertise. The team acts for utilities, developers, project owners, PE, infra and VC funds, contractors and lending institutions.


We have experience in litigation and arbitration relating to energy matters in courts in numerous countries and under a variety of international arbitration regimes. We have significant experience in disputes relating to leases and concessions, joint operating agreements, energy facility construction contracts, long-term oil, gas and refined product supply agreements, LNG price review arbitrations and treaty arbitrations relating to energy projects.


We have represented a number of energy and natural resource companies as creditors and debtors in numerous reorganization and restructuring proceedings, most notably serving as co-counsel to the Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors in the Enron bankruptcy case, providing restructuring-related advice, structured finance and litigation support on more than 25 energy related M&A transactions. We have also served as bank and trustee counsel to numerous oil and gas producers and fuel refineries, and also served as Chapter 11 restructuring counsel to TECO-Panda, the owner of the two largest combined cycle natural gas power plants in the world. We have also extensively advised on restructurings and distressed acquisitions and SOLR processes in the energy supply market.

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  • Named Project Finance Law Firm of the Year at the Iberian Lawyer Energy Awards 2023
  • Ranked as a recommended firm in the area of energy & natural resources in Asia Pacific, Chambers 2024
  • Recommended International Firm for Projects & Energy in Indonesia, by Chambers Asia Pacific 2024
  • Recommended International Firm for Projects & Energy in Singapore, by Chambers Asia Pacific 2024
  • Recommended International Firm for Energy & Natural Resources in Singapore, by Chambers Asia Pacific 2024
  • Recommended International Firm for Projects in Singapore, by Legal500 Asia Pacific 2024
  • Recommended as a recommended firm in the area of energy transactions and regulatory in Australia, by Legal500 Asia Pacific 2024
  • Recommended as a recommended firm in the area of projects, energy & natural resources: power by Legal500 UK 2024

  • Developer – Advising on 5.1GW – equating to circa US$2 billion – of project financings across 36 wind, solar and battery storage projects across 11 US states in one year for a single client.
  • Developer – Representing in relation to the development of a large-scale geothermal power and critical minerals extraction and production project sited in the US, with respect to all offtake arrangements.
  • Utility client – Advising on the circa £700m sell down of a 49% stake in a 550MW portfolio of 24 UK wind farms to funds and with the utility assuming the asset management, operation and maintenance and offtake roles.
  • Utility-scale renewable energy producer – Advising on a €100 million mezzanine facility to finance the equity investment in various solar, wind and battery storage projects across Western and Eastern Europe.
  • Energy provider – Advising on the reorganization of a 550MW operational wind portfolio in the UK involving the consolidation of the holding structure and requiring multiple hive outs.
  • National government in Latin America – Advising on various commercial arrangements in connection with oil production including: crude oil lifting agreement, crude oil sales agreements, marketing agent procurement matters, cost recovery audit, production license negotiations, development plan review and approval and farm out approval.
  • Alternative asset manager – Advising in respect of EPC contracts across a pipeline of over 200MW of battery storage projects.
  • Private client – Advising on the utility sale of a 1.3GW CCGT plant and related battery storage assets and OCGT development rights to a fund together with route to market arrangements.
  • Private client – Drafting REPO terms in a Trade Credit Agreement for oil purchase utilizing transfer and return of EU ETS Allowances to provide for the establishment and return of collateral.
  • Renewable energy producer – Advising on the acquisition of a 300MW UK portfolio of five solar projects and related battery storage in the UK.
  • Private client – Advising on the regulatory aspects relating to emission trading and the drafting and negotiation of agreements for the trading of emission allowances in Europe.
  • Private client – Advising on an engineering services agreement and a long-term service agreement for a battery energy storage system associated two utility scale solar PV projects.
  • Independent power producer – Representing in its award-winning refinancing of a portfolio of 450MW clean energy projects across Australia.
  • State-owned enterprise – Advising in the redevelopment of a potash mining and processing complex to restructure the legal aspects of the development of the mine and negotiating the EPC contracts with the selected consortium.
  • US infrastructure/turnaround fund – Advising on the acquisition of an oil refinery in Denmark.
  • Private client – Advising on the sale of 14 liquefied natural gas (LNG) cargoes on a free-on-board basis and purchase of 14 LNG cargoes on delivery ex-ship basis, spanning a period of 2 years.
  • Private clients – Advising on a joint investment to build over 300MW of greenfield solar power and decarbonisation projects across South-East Asia.
  • Private client – Advising on a syndicated receivables purchase facility involving the structuring, drafting and negotiation of finance documents within compressed timeframe for a large oil refinery.
  • Developer – Advising on the development of Spain’s first natural hydrogen project including the regulatory, corporate and real estate aspects of the implementation, development and execution of the project which will produce 55,000 tonnes per year of low-cost hydrogen. Once depleted the well will be used to store green hydrogen.
  • Large utility – Advising in central eastern Europe on its long-term access to an LNG regasification terminal to be constructed in Germany. The long-term LNG transaction will secure the supply of diversified natural gas on a 15-year shipper agreement, with an option to extend the term to 25 years.
  • Private client – Advising on a Route to Market Agreement for supply of gas and emissions allowances and purchase of electricity as part of an overall sale transaction.
  • Private client – Acting on a US$500 million extended pay facility in connection with the supply of crude oil supported by carbon credits documented under an ISDA. 

Electric Generation, Transmission and Distribution

Our Energy & Natural Resources team advises clients on the siting, construction contracting and financing of electricity generation and transmission facilities, as well as in utility rate and certificate regulation and restructuring. We also counsel on transmission access, integration, and cost and revenue sharing.

Renewables and Cleantech

We have an extensive track record of advising on all aspects of onshore and offshore wind, solar, battery storage, geothermal, waste to energy, biomass, biofuels, virtual power networks, EV infrastructure and clean tech. We provide comprehensive cover across the whole project life cycle in terms of permitting, land, environmental, health and safety ,construction, EPC, O&M, route to market, feedstock supply, joint ventures, M&A, public and private equity fundraisings, project and structured financing, restructuring and IP commercialisation. Our experience includes preparing and negotiating engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contracts, operations and maintenance (O&M) agreements, power purchase agreements (PPAs) and other offtake agreements, feedstock supply contracts, joint venture agreements, mergers and acquisitions, and financing.


We have extensive experience with the development of LNG facilities all over the world, as well as in relation to the import and export of LNG, short- and long-term LNG sales contracts, terminal use agreements, ship charters, and regulatory approvals. 


We have been advising clients in every aspect of the global mining and metals sector for more than 100 years. We have advised on significant transactions across a number of commodities including iron ore, gold, coal, graphite, precious and semi-precious metals, well as counselled in relation to complex environmental, tax, and regulatory issues.


We advise clients on the development, financing, siting and construction of nuclear power projects. We have handled matters relating to cleanup issues, consortia formation and bidding for government-led nuclear decommissioning procurement programs. We are one of the few firms with expertise in incident response and crisis management in the nuclear sector.

Oil and Gas

In the oil and gas industry, we assist landowners, working interest parties and parties under concessions and production sharing agreements with issues such as development and marketing plans, royalties, farmouts and assignments, long-term sales and supply agreements and shipping. We are experienced in negotiating and drafting joint operating agreements, AMI agreements, leases, concessions and production sharing agreements and long-term supply and transportation agreements. We are also experienced in handling major pipeline rate filings, applications for certificates to construct and operate facilities, and industry-wide rulemaking proceedings.