In 2013, two National Defense Authorization Acts were enacted. First, on January 2, President Obama signed into law the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013. See P.L. 112-239. Subsequently, on December 26, the president signed into law the FY 2014 NDAA. See P.L. 113-66. Unfortunately, the fact that two NDAAs were passed in one year is not a sign of legislative progress or increased cooperation between the legislative and executive branches. Instead, both acts were delayed and enacted approximately three months after the start of their respective fiscal years.