OEMs are facing a technology dilemma. EU regulation requires motor vehicles to be fitted with 112-based eCall from 31 March 2018.
This obligation is technology neutral. The options available on the market include 2G, 3G or 4G technology. However, current EU standards for eCall devices are limited to 2G and 3G technologies that use circuit-switched connections. Industry-led initiatives towards a new standard for 4G interoperable eCall devices are only at the early stages – 4G does not use circuit-switched technology, but is based on IP Multimedia System (IMS) technology.